IML Project Specifications
These are not only somewhat generalized, they are also the ideal. In many cases, there will be workarounds, alternate processes, and several ways to arrive at the same goal. Please feel free to make full use of the IML’s talented lab staff for exceptions and expertise.
-Correctness: Typos completely undermine any point you are making and alienate readers/viewers. Particularly in a digital environment, where revision is doubly difficult, be sure to spell all words correctly from the start.
-Fonts: Make sure fonts are consistent throughout project for continuity (unless it makes a point to do otherwise).
-Title Safe: use Title Safe boundary markers to ensure the visibility of text for all screen sizes.
-For online publication (websites) use .jpg
-For images with transparent backgrounds use .png
-For logos and banners, use .gif
-Thumbnail should not be larger than 500 KB
To compress images:
In Photoshop, open your source images, resize them to the appropriate size and do a File > Save for Web. Press the 4-Up tab and you'll be able to compare different compressions, choose the one that gives you the best quality and the smallest size.
- Videos should be resized (dimensions) before importing them into projects. For online publication 400x300 is optimal; 720x480 is too big.
-The biggest determining factor in all video compression is bitrate. Play with this number to get the best results.
-Common compressions are AAC, H.264 and DV NTSC. Be sure that all video clips use the SAME compression for easy editing and continuity within a project. We like output in H264 and you might want to bring all clips into Compressor first, and make them uniform.
To compress video:
You can compress by exporting from Quicktime, or by exporting from Final Cut Pro. Use these settings:
Go into: settings -> Apple -> Apple Devices -> H.264 for iPod video and iPhone 320X240 (QVGA)
Particularly when remixing footage from various sources, use Compressor before loading your clips into Final Cut Pro. This will save you rendering time! Using Compressor, drag your source videos into the top window. In the Settings box, choose the appropriate compression settings and drag them to your file above. Make sure to change the destination as well so the new file is saved correctly. Hit Submit, and the compression will begin. Check the Batch Monitor for progress updates on large compressions.
-mp3s at 44.1 kHz and 96 kbps are similar in quality to mp3s at 48 kHz and 128 kbps
-For interviews or narration, try smaller numbers such as 32 kHz and 80 kbps, Mono.
To compress sound:
Audio can also be done in Compressor.
It is difficult to apply the Fair Use Doctrine to music since the transformative nature is often absent—most projects use music with its original intent/message, or as ornament (see the discussion of Fair Use below). Therefore, the following recommendations for using sound are:
- Take advantage of the IML sound archive, which can be found at the portal. These are mainly sound effects but can be quite useful for making a point.
- Generate soundtracks using GarageBand (available on all lab machines).
- Use rights-cleared music from the list below:
All projects created for the IML must have the appropriate works cited (using APA 5 edition), either in the project itself, or attached to it. A sample Works Cited follows this section but you may also find the method for non-print sources here: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
Although there is much confusion surrounding issues of Fair Use with regard to media citation, we assert that educational institutions like the IML are Fair Use by definition. However, in order to protect this claim, it is important that you demonstrate your knowledge of Fair Use and this is done via citation. The four areas considered when assessing Fair Use claims are: purpose; nature of the work; amount used; effect on the market
Sample Works Cited using APA 5th edition formatting:
Berger, John. (1974). Ways of seeing [BBC Television Series]. Chicago: Film
Berger, John. (1995). Ways of seeing [Screenshot]. London: Penguin.
Kubrick, Stanley (Director). (1968). 2001: A space odyssey. USA: Metro-
Ong, Walter. (1982). Orality & literacy: The technologizing of the word. New
Radiohead. (2007). “Bodysnatchers.” In Rainbows. Retrieved November 30, 2007.
Multimedia File Extensions: