It is difficult to apply the Fair Use Doctrine to music since the transformative nature is often absent—most projects use music with its original intent/message, or as ornament (see the discussion of Fair Use below). Therefore, the following recommendations for using sound are:
- Take advantage of the IML sound archive, which can be found at the portal. These are mainly sound effects but can be quite useful for making a point.
- Generate soundtracks using GarageBand (available on all lab machines).
- Use rights-cleared music from the list below:
All projects created for the IML must have the appropriate works cited (using APA 5 edition), either in the project itself, or attached to it. A sample Works Cited follows this section but you may also find the method for non print sources here:
Although there is much confusion surrounding issues of Fair Use with regard to media citation, we assert that educational institutions like the IML are Fair Use by definition. However, in order to protect this claim, it is important that you demonstrate your knowledge of Fair Use and this is done via citation. The four areas considered when assessing Fair Use claims are:
- nature of the work
- amount used
- effect on the market
Berger, John. (1974). Ways of seeing [BBC Television Series]. Chicago: Film Incorporated.
Berger, John. (1978 reprint, 1995). Ways of seeing [Screenshot]. London: Penguin.
Kubrick, Stanley (Director). (1968). 2001: A space odyssey. USA: Metro-Goldwyn-Meyer.
Ong, Walter. (1982). Orality & literacy: The technologizing of the word. New York: Routledge.
Radiohead. (2007). Bodysnatchers. In Rainbows. Retrieved November 30, 2007.
Ulmer, Gregory. (2003). Internet invention: From literacy to electracy. New York: Longman.